On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.” It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations.  Last week, Erdogan accused Moscow of “not respecting” the agreements reached with Ankara in Idlib, where Russian and Syrian forces had intensified their offensive in recent weeks. At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  In the end, all parties recognized the need to “prevent, minimize and address losses and damages,” but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  Although the enhanced transparency framework is universal, the framework, coupled with the global inventory that takes place every five years, aims to provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish the capabilities of developed and developing countries. In this context, the Paris Agreement contains provisions to improve the capacity-building framework.
 The agreement recognizes the different circumstances of some countries and notes, in particular, that the technical review of experts for each country takes into account the specific capacity of that country to report.  The agreement also develops a capacity-building initiative for transparency to help developing countries put in place the necessary institutions and procedures to comply with the transparency framework.  Adaptation issues were at the forefront of the paris agreement. Collective long-term adaptation objectives are included in the agreement and countries must be accountable for their adaptation measures, making adaptation a parallel element of the mitigation agreement.  Adaptation objectives focus on improving adaptive capacity, resilience and vulnerability limitation.  Institutional Asset Owner Associations and think-tanks also observed that the stated objectives of the Paris Agreement were implicitly “based on the assumption – that the Member States of the United Nations, including major polluters such as China, the United States, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Indonesia and Mexico, which produce more than half of global greenhouse gas emissions , voluntarily reduce their carbon pollution and persistence in the absence of a binding enforcement mechanism to measure and control CO2 emissions at all levels from plant to plant and without specific penalties or tax pressure (. B, for example, a CO2 tax), to avoid misbehaviour.  However, emissions taxes (for example. B a CO2 tax) can be integrated into the country`s NDCs. How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Monday called on Russia to live up to its commitments in a 2018 deal, after eight Turks were killed in fire from Syrian government forces in northwestern Syria.