Section 8- Dispute Resolution. To resolve disputes that arise in collective bargaining, the parties use conciliation procedures. Section 10. The right of initiative on the need to enter into a collective agreement. The right of initiative relating to the need to enter into a collective agreement with the employer is conferred on the union through its executive body, the representative body of workers elected by the employer or directly at the general meeting (or conference) of the collective of employees. The term “collective bargaining” was first used in 1891 by Beatrice Webb, founder of the INDUSTRIAL relations sector in the United Kingdom.  It refers to the type of collective bargaining and agreements that have existed since the rise of trade unions in the 18th century. Clauses in collective agreements or agreements that are less favourable to the situation of workers than legislation. In Finland, collective agreements are of general application.
This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. The right to bargain collectively with an employer strengthens the human dignity, freedom and autonomy of workers by giving them the opportunity to influence the definition of labour rules and thus gain some control over an important aspect of their lives, namely their work… Collective bargaining is not just a tool for pursuing external objectives… Rather, it is an experience as an experience of self-management that is in itself valuable… Collective bargaining enables workers to achieve some form of democracy in the workplace and to guarantee the rule of law in the workplace. Workers gain a voice to influence the definition of rules that control an important aspect of their lives.  Executive bodies as well as employers and their organisations provide the information necessary to organize collective bargaining for trade union or representative organisations empowered by workers. Participants in the negotiations and anyone else involved in the process should not disclose to them the information they have when it comes to a matter of state security or trade secrecy.