Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear can become a navigation hazard and become a source of marine waste. The release of fishing gear into the sea is prohibited by MarPOL`s Annex V, a regulation on the prevention of pollution by marine waste. The treaty will enter into force for 12 months after at least 22 states, with 3,600 fishing vessels with a length of 24 metres or more on the high seas, have agreed to explore. To date (November 2019), 13 countries have ratified the Cape Town Convention: Belgium, the Cook Islands, Congo, Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway, St. Christopher and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa and Spain. Between them, they have an aggregate of just over 1,410 fishing vessels 24 meters long and on the high seas. Work to promote ratification and implementation of the 2012 Cape Cape Town Convention on Fishing Vessel Safety and other activities aimed at improving the safety and sustainability of the fishing sector and combating INF fishing is also supported by international governmental and non-governmental organizations. The 2012 Cape Town Agreement is a binding international instrument. The agreement provides for binding international requirements for stability and seaworthiness, electrical machinery and installations, life-saving equipment, communication and fire protection equipment, and the construction of fishing vessels.
The 2012 Cape Town Agreement aims to improve the safety of fishing vessels by flag states, ports and coastal states. It should also contribute to the fight against IND fishing. It should be noted that IMO`s MARPOL rules on the prevention of pollution caused by ships apply to fishing vessels, including provisions to prevent pollution from waste caused by ships that prohibit the discharge of waste and operating waste at sea, including fishing gear. This paper examines the stability of fish stock allocation agreements between coastal states if migration patterns change, a subject largely unexplored to date. The agreement on the sharing of mackerel stock (Scomber scombrus) in the Northeast Atlantic is under consideration. Since 2000, this stock has been divided by three coastal states. However, in 2007, fish changed their migration patterns and entered the waters of a fourth state. This led to the failure of the previous agreement in 2010 and resulted in severe overfishing. The new participant`s game is modeled according to the partition function approach with strictly convex cost functions. The results indicate that stability decreases with the new entrant, but increases when prices are heterogeneous. In addition, the biggest players have to pay the most relatively to put the newcomer on the line.
Your ship`s safety management system must identify a significant risk, including measures taken to prevent or reduce the risk of instability. When it comes into force, the Cape Town Agreement will improve the safety of life at sea for hundreds of thousands of fishermen around the world. In these interview clips, you`ll find out why it`s so important to have a binding global safety standards system for fishing vessels. The Cape Town agreement will ultimately benefit the environment. By helping the authorities to combat INT fishing, it will help to sustainably manage fish stocks. The De Pew Charitable Trusts say that INT fishing may include failure to report catches, use illegal equipment, fish for licenses and even paint new names on ships while at sea to avoid discovery by authorities.