I have received today, with gratitude, your letter of October 14, 1954, which is: (Here is the text of letter 1) I approve of the content in your letter mentioned above on behalf of the central government of the People`s Republic of China. Your letter and confirmation will be treated as part of the agreement. According to V. V. Paranjpe, an Indian diplomat and Chinese expert, Panchsheel`s principles were first expressed publicly by Zhou Enlai: “While he was receiving the Indian delegation to the Tibetan trade negotiations of 31 December 1953 …. He called them “five principles that govern China`s relations with countries.”  In a joint statement made in Delhi on 18 June 1954, the principles of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Prime Minister Zhou Enlai were underlined in a speech at the Asian Prime Ministers` Conference in Colombo, Sri Lanka, just days after the signing of the Chinese agreement in Beijing. Nehru went so far as to say: “If these principles were recognized in the mutual relations of all countries, there would indeed be almost no conflict and certainly no war.”  It was assumed that the five principles appeared in part as the five principles of the Indonesian state. In June 1945, Sukarno, the Indonesian nationalist leader, proclaimed five general principles, or Pancasila, on which to base future institutions. Indonesia became independent in 1949.  Trade between the Republic of India and the Tibet region of the People`s Republic of China is conducted in accordance with the provisions of the agreement between the Republic of India and the People`s Republic of China on trade and transport between India and the Tibet region, signed in Beijing on 29 April 1954. EMBASSY OF THE PEOPLE`S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN INDIA No.M/680/54 August 17, 1954 China has often stressed its close connection with the Five Principles.
 It had proposed it as the five principles of peaceful coexistence at the beginning of the negotiations that took place in Delhi from December 1953 to April 1954 between the delegation of the Government of the People`s Republic of China and the Indian Government delegation on relations between the two countries with regard to the disputed areas of Von Aksai Chin and what China calls the Southern Stretcher and India Arunachal Pradesh. The aforementioned agreement of 29 April 1954 was to last eight years.  When it broke down, relations were already angry, the provisions of the extension of the agreement were not resumed and the Sino-Indian war broke out between the two sides. Although the immediate Prime Minister Nehru tried to establish good relations between the two countries through the Panchsheel agreement, he failed and the 1962 war took place between the two countries.